Birdwatching in Copper Canyon

Birdwatching in Copper Canyon

Birds in Copper Canyon, a unique variety of life in a diverse environment.

Get out your bird checklist ready for Copper Canyon!

Since Mexico hosts 22 endemic birds, there is a lot to see. Only Brazil and Indonesia can top that. Within Copper Canyon, there is an average of 300 species birds.

It is a pristine wilderness, four times the size of the Grand Canyon. As a result, it is a land of distinct scenery and life.

  • subtropical forests
  • deciduous forests
  • desert grasslands.

The transitional range of environments within the Copper Canyon Region.

  Since habitats transition between two biomes, a diversity of life is possible to experience.

  The landscape changes from the Sonoran Desert to the Sinaloan transition tropical forest. Thus, creating a variety of birds found in Copper Canyon. 

 Noteworthy is the unique evolution of the canyons that create centers of life for birds and plants. For example, plant species range from Pine, Oak, Madrona, Willow, Alder, and Cottonwood trees. An average of 3,500 species of plants are found in Copper Canyon.

  In El Fuerte, on the Rio Fuerte, experience a variety of hummingbirds and water-loving birds. The river flourishes with life and creates an abundant habitat.

Since the towns of the Sierra Madre region are higher in elevation, they host a different variety of birds than the lowlands of Sinaloa.


Copper Canyon Birds in Sinaloa:

  • Black-vented Oriole,
  • Violet Crown hummingbirds,
  • Black Ching Costas,
  • Ruffus Hummingbirds,
  • Grey Crowned Woodpecker,
  • Mangrove Vireo,
  • Plain Caps,
  • Black Throat Hummingbirds,
  • Russet Crowned Motmots,
  • Colima Pygmy Owls,
  • Squirrel Cuckoo,
  • Caracaras,
  • Lesser Roadrunner,
  • Mexican Parrotiet,
  • Black Hawks,
  • Bare-throated,
  • Tiger Heron,
  • 26 varieties of Orioles,
  • Tufted Flycatchers,
  • Grey Hawks,
  • Acorn woodpeckers,
  • Xantos hummingbirds,
  • Blue Mockingbird,
  • Social Flycatcher,
  • Purplish-backed Jay,
  • Sinoloa Crow,

Copper Canyon Birds in the Sierra Madre region:

  • Red Tailed Hawks,
  • Soldier McCaws,
  • Mexican Jays,
  • Red Flickers,
  • Sharp-shinned Hawks,
  • Thick-billed Parrot,
  • White-eared Hummingbird,
  • Tufted Flycatcher,
  • Red-faced Warbler,
  • Brown-backed Solitare,
  • Mexican Chickadee,
  • American dipper,
  • Mountain Trogan,
  • Lilac Crowned Parrot,
  • Swainson’s Hawk,
  • Zon-tailed Hawk,
  • American Krestle,
  • Rufus Hummingbird,
  • Whiskered Screech Owl,
  • Red Tailed Hawk,
  • Acorn Woodpecker,
  • Hairy Steller’s Jay,
  • Chihuahua Raven,
  • Green-striped Brushfinch,
  •  Eared Queztal

Our bilingual guides help you find rare birds. Therefore, if you’re a birder, you are going to love the Copper Canyon! For new enthusiasts, birds of Copper canyon will win your heart.

Go ahead, inquire today!

Copper Canyon annual temperatures

Copper Canyon annual temperatures

Copper Canyon annual temperatures and seasons, a closer look of what to expect.

Know when to go.

The Copper Canyon region covers over 25,000 miles with four distinct climates. Copper Canyon spans two large states of Sinaloa and Chihuahua, Mexico. From the humid, foothills of Sinaloa to alpine canyon tops in Chihuahua, you will want to prepare for changes in temperatures.

Temperature change is not so drastic between environments in the fall and spring. As a result, Copper Canyon annual temperatures range from 70 degrees to lows of 40 degrees.

Precipitation averages about an inch per month during November through December. January can have up to three inches of precipitation, even snow at the canyon peaks.

Rainy season usually lasts from July to the beginning of September. Traveling at this time is more humid in El Fuerte, but there are a lot more waterfalls.

We suggest checking the weather before your adventure.

What to pack

We recommend packing layered clothing. Loose long sleeve shirts help prevent mosquito and bug bites in the fertile lowlands of El Fuerte. You will want a jacket or coat for the altitudes of the canyon rim. Comfortable and casual clothes are ideal. It is an outdoor adventure, so don’t forget comfortable walking shoes. Mosquito repellent is a must. While El Fuerte is so charming, you may not want the bug bites.



  • due to the moderate change in temperatures, September through May are the most popular time to visit the Copper canyon.
  • Late August through October is the season to see the wildflowers blooming.
  • In October, take advantage of the weekend wine making festivals in Cerrocahui.
  • Novemeber is popular in Copper Canyon for Mexican holidays like November 20th.
    Decemeber through February are the coldest months for travel. You may see snow at the canyon rim! The holiday season and New Year are a busy time to visit.
  • March and April is a popular time to visit for the Semana Santa celebrations, exact dates of the Holy week change annually.
  • Late June- August marks the rainy season and especially humid weather in El Fuerte.

Samples of custom itineraries


Check out some of our samples of custom itineraries.
We aim to please, and create samples of custom itineraries that suit your interests, destinations, and budget!
While you may begin the journey in Chihuahua, we recommend either beginning from the Los Mochis airport, or Cabo San Lucas.The train route is more scenic from west to east, and the right side of the train offers a better view of the climb into the canyons.





Adventure 1 samples of custom itineraries

Day 1 Arrive at the Los Mochis airport. Your driver will transport you to El Fuerte, about an hour and a half away. Your hotel overlooks the Rio Fuerte and is just steps away from the town center.

Day 2 7:30 am train departure for Bahuchivo Station, arriving around 11am. Hotel Mision in historic Cerocahui is very close to the train station, and is beautifully set in the town.

Day 4 mid morning train departure (11 ish) to Posada Barrancas, arriving around 1pm to Hotel Mansion Tarahumara. A guided walking tour is included to see Tarahumaran cliff dwellings.

Day 5 Spend a second day at the canoyn peaks. Sit back and relax, go shopping in Divisadero, or ride the cable car across the canyons. A shuttle will take you to the Copper Canyon Adventure Park.

Day 6 Board train 1pm to El Fuerte, arriving around 7:30 pm. A taxi will take you to the Hotel.

Day 7 In the morning, float on the Rio Fuerte, birdwatch, and hike to the Nahautl petroglyphs (2 hours). If you get tired, know that you may return as you wish. Pack up and transfer to the airport in Los Mochis.



Adventure 2 Samples of custom itineraries

Day 1 Fly from Cabo to Los Mochis.  It’s a quick, one hour flight. Your driver will pick you up and transport you to El Fuerte at the Lodge. Unpack, relax, and take a walk to the town center. You may take the river float to the petroglyphs or visit the local Mayo community to experience a demonstration of the native dances preformed during holiday celebrations.

Day 1 Fly from Cabo to Los Mochis.  It’s a quick, one hour flight. Your driver will pick you up and transport you to El Fuerte at the Lodge. Unpack, relax, and take a walk to the town center. You may take the river float to the petroglyphs or visit the local Mayo community to experience a demonstration of the native dances preformed during holiday celebrations.

Day 2  Board the train around 7:30 am to Bahuchivo Station, arriving between 11-1pm. Your driver will take you to the San Isidro Lodge. Visit the historical town of Cerocahui and the 300-year-old Jesuit mission.

Day 3 8:30 am-3pm This is a real adventure on a bumpy road with a view! Drive to Gallego mountain, or descend into Urique, the deepest canyon structure in the Copper Canyon! You will stop along the way to take photographs.

Day 4 mid morning (10ish) board the train for Posada Barrancas.  The Hotel Mansion Tarahumara is literally on the edge of the canyon. The rim rooms offer mile high vistas of the canyons below. A walking tour to the vistas and Divisadero is included.  There are extra activities that you may like. For example: cable car ride across the canyons ($25USD per person) world class zip line ($50USD per person), local shopping from the Tarahumarans, atv rentals, etc..

Day 5 Between 1-3 pm, the train departs for Chihuahua. At Divisadero, the train will stop for about 20 minutes for another photo opportunity.

You will arrive in Chihuahua around 10:30 pm. A taxi will drive your group to the Holiday Inn.

Day 6 Enjoy your final day in Chihuahua. It is a capitol city with a lot to see. Don’t miss the cathedral! Pack up for your departure.




VIP Cabo concierge activities


Did you know that Canyon Travel has a VIP Cabo concierge? There’s a ton of activities and options for your trip to Cabo. Let us help you organize your stay here with our VIP Cabo concierge. We work with professional, local companies to bring you an experience of a lifetime and the best deals. Cabo offers a lot of outdoor activities, restaurants, and nightlife. We can suggest our favorites and make planning easier. Go ahead, ask the locals.

These are a few ideas for activities in Cabo with our VIP Cabo concierge.

Cabo Whale Trek offers educational whale trek tours with a Marine Biologist, underwater video systems, and high-tech hydrophones? No other company is offering anything like it! The whales migrate here between Dec- April.

Ask us about day trip tours to La Paz to see La Espiritu Santos island, sea lion colony, and migratory whale sharks. La Paz is two hours away from Cabo and a beautiful city to visit.

Want to visit Todos Santos or Cerritos Beach? We are here to assist you find out everything Cabo has to offer and the best deals.

Ask us about our connections for full and half day fishing and spearfishing tours. If fishing is your thing, ask us about bass fishing in El Fuerte too.

aMAZE in Cabo Race. It’s part scavenger hunt, part sightseeing.
They offer a city scavenger hunt every Wed. 10:30 am, starting in the marina at Solomon’s Landing for a three to four-hour adventure for teams of two to five people. This is fun for families and groups to get to know Cabo in a fun competition.

Also check out High Tide Sea Expeditions!
They offer surfing lessons, kayak tours, snorkeling, San Jose city tours, SUP to the arch, and more!

Let us help you to book your next adventure with VIP Cabo concierge!

Chepe Train Map

Chepe Train Map

Chepe map of Copper Canyon
Visit one of the world’s last pristine wildernesses on an incredible train adventure through Mexico’s Copper Canyon on the Chepe train. Ths map will give you an idea of destinations and points of interest.
 The train runs daily from Chihuahua and Los Mochis through Copper Canyon. It climbs altitudes of 200 meters to 2,400 meters, over a mile high. It passes through 86 tunnels, 37 tunnels, and turns in a 180-degree turn, an engineering feet.

Arrive at the train station early. Though the train runs on “train time”, you will want to ensure your ride and seat. Train tickets are sold by dates and destinations, so missing a ride costs a fine.

Print your tickets prior to the adventure.

There is a restaurant car, and occasionally a bar car.

Limit baggage to two bags, 55lbs. or 25 KG.
Passenger cars are similar to Amtrack in the US.
Copper Canyon is busy during the holidays. Especially, during New Years and Semana Santa.
Reserve your dates early before travel.
Capacity can fill up quickly with local events or holidays. It is a good idea to plan in advance.
It is an unforgettable train journey. what will your adventure be?
Chepe destinations
  • Los Mochis: Initially, a sugar cane town in northern Sinaloa. The Chepe train leaves at 6:00 am. Topolobambo port has a ferry service to La Paz, BCS, near the beach. Los Mochis also has an airport for domestic flights. The town is a small city with a business center based downtown. Duck and Dove hunting are popular outdoor activities here.
  • El Fuerte: Charming gateway to the Copper Canyon, a “Pueblo Magico” town. Historically, it is known for silver deposits. The Rio Fuerte flows nearby the town center, and abundant in bird and animal life. There is a Mayo Village and a series od damns outside of town.
  • Bahuchivo Station: Welcome to the wilderness! Among Ponderosa Pines at an altitude of 1800 meters, or 1.1 mile high. Take a dirt road, about 30-45 minutes away to the hotel. It’s a bumpy road. There are hotels in historical Cerocahui, and  near the Gallego Mountain, overlooking Urique Canyon. Urique is the deepest gorge in the canyons. Waterfalls and horseback riding are popular outdoor activities. Visit the Mission de San Fransisco, Tarahumaran girls school and wine tour.
  • Posada Barrancas: “the eye of the canyon”, is the highest elevation of the Copper Canyon 1.49 miles high, or 2400 meters. The hotels have rim top views, or valley view rooms. Copper Canyon Adventure Park is about five minutes away by shuttle. The views od the canyons are incredible and humbling. For the adventurer, there are a ton of activities.
  • Creel: A “Pueblo Magico” town of the Sierra Tarahumara . Subsiquently, a hub for the Tarahumara community, and close town center to the Chepe train station. Points of interest include; Lake Arareko, Cusarare Falls, Basaseachi Falls, Valley of Mushrooms, Monks and Frogs, La Bufa and the road to Batopilas.
  • Chihuahua: A busy capital city of Chihuahua. Points of interest include; Quinta Gameros House, the Metropolitan Cathedral of Chihuahua, museums, and Nombre de Dios caverns,

Posada Barrancas

Posada Barrancas


At Posada Barrancas, on the edge of Divisadero, lies the continental divide. It is known as the eye of the canyon. One can see 100-mile vistas of many canyons, including Urique Canyon, Del Cobre, Oteros, Sinfrosa, and Taraecua Canyons. Five out of six canyons is not too bad! This is the highest elevation in the Copper Canyon train route.
The train stops at Divisadero for about 15 minutes. At the Divisadero station, artisans set up shop and traditional food is sold. It is a humbling experience to see the canyons converge in the vista.
While traveling, keep small bills ready for those handcrafted souveniers.  The Copper Canyon Adventure Park is here too. Imagine the world’s longest zip lines, gondola rides across the canyons, and other outdoor activities. If you just want to relax at the adventure park, have a drink or bite to eat at the restaurant with partial glass flooring. It is pretty exciting to see how high you are!
Hike around the canyons and to cliff dwellings, nestled below the cliff top hotel. Posada Barrancas and Divisadero are locations where you can relax and meditate or bring out the adventurous side of yourself.
Here is a photo of another great view.
This is a photo from the zip line.
In Posada Barrancas, the hotels are set upon the canyon cliffs. From your room, you will experience magical light changing from across the landscape of the canyons below. Sometimes they are shadows of clouds, lifting fog, rainbows, or an incredible sunrise. The view is something hard comprehend, even with pictures. The Hotel Mansion and Hotel Mirador are located at this amazing destination. You may not want to leave! Hotel Mansion Tarahumara has choices of valley view rooms and 70 cliff view rooms. We love their hospitality and service. Hotel Mirador is next door, about twice the cost.
Hotel Mansion Tarahumara has choices of valley view rooms and 70 cliff view rooms. We love their hospitality and service. Hotel Mirador is next door, about twice the cost.
Bass Fishing/Duck and Dove hunting

Bass Fishing/Duck and Dove hunting


Hey, hunting enthusiasts! Want to go Bass fishing in El Fuerte? It’s easy and fun, just 12 km from beautiful El Fuerte are local dams filled with bass. Ask about our adventure packages! We have all the gear, and our chef can cook a great bass.

Do you like Duck and Dove hunting??
This first class sportsman adventure annually attracts millions of waterfowl to the scenic, warm environments of Mexico. Due to the warmer climate, hunters can take advantage of up to three extra months to hunt in Sinoloa, Mexico.

Enjoy your time at decoyed wooden platforms, 80 blinds built with platforms to keep hunters dry.
The selection of birdlife may include: Black bellied whistling ducks, Green winged and blue winged teal, Cinnamon, Redheads, Fulvous whistling ducks, canvas Blacks, Mottled ducks, Widgeons, Pintails, Mallards, and Shorelers.Seven airboats are available to cover the 70,000  acres of marshlands.


Los Mochis is a small city near the beaches of the Sea of Cortez, an hour away from Cabo San Lucas. Also, the Los Mochis airport has service to Mexico City and surrounding areas. Ask us for more information about either of these popular hunting adventures. 



Check link (-), right below.


Urique Canyon

Urique Canyon


Urique Canyon, located in Copper Canyon, near Bahuchivo Station, is one of the deepest canyons in North America. The town of Urique is home to the indigenous people, the Tarahumara, or Raramuri.
Their name comes from their word “Uli” meaning “hot land,” which was later changed by the Spanish settlers to Urique.
The climate of Urique ranges from tropical during the winter months and can reach up to over 100 degrees during the summer months.
It offers exceptional hiking, especially in the fall and spring time months.

It offers exceptional hiking, especially in the fall and spring time months.The agriculture in this area consists largely of grapefruit, peanut, mango, orange, papaya, lime, avocado, guava, plums, guamuchil seeds and pitaya cactus fruits.

According to historical records, Juan Maria Salvaterra, who had arrived in Urique Canyon in 1684, became one of the first white men to arrive.
Very soon after, Spainard, Juan Tarango Vallejo arrived and is credited with the founding of Urique on January 12, 1690. In the same year, he also claimed gold deposits in the neighboring town of Cusihuiriachi, which continued administering claims until 1731.
In the mid 1800’s, during the Farcical Pastry War, Urique was the only battle between French and Mexican troops.

Here is a photo of Tarahumarans preparing for Semana Santa rituals.

This ten-day event happens in late March or April for Holy Week. Imagine paganism meets Catholosim. The Semana Santa in Copper Canyon shows an intricate history of Spanish influence on the indigenous people. Deep in the valley of Urique is a meeting place for local and foreign travelers to celebrate. The last night of the event is likened to a rave and a story of good versus evil. Tarahumarans prepare corn beer, which is quite strong. During the days of Semana Santa, you can see a variety of rituals being preformed in Urique and throughout Copper Canyon.

Bahuchivo Station and Cerocahui

From the lush footlands ofEl Fuerte, your next stop is among Poderosa pines at Bahuchivo Station.
Cerocahui  is located in the valley, and is home to a 300 year old Jesuit mission. Cerocaui hosts a Tarahumaran girls school, vineyards, and local waterfalls. Nearly an hour away, by car, is Urique Canyon, the deepest gorge in the Copper Canyon system. Here a photo link from Gallego Mountain. Th e road descending into Urique valley is a bumpy one. You may choose to visit the overlook at Gallego Mountain.

Thank you, Ruth and Jim for the recent photo of Urique, the deepest canyon in the Copper Canyon system. #barrancasdelcobre, #urique, #coppercanyon, #mexico

Posted by Copper Canyon Mexico on Monday, November 7, 2016

 In the small historic village of Cerocahui lies one of the most impressive missions of the Sierra Madre Occidental Mountain range. Juan Maria de Salvatierra, a Jesuit Priest, founded this church in 1680, a year after the first Jesuit arrived in this area. In 1767, Spanish King, Carlos the third, ordered the expulsion of this mission.  It was later restored under Padre Andreas Lara in 1939.  Lara also created a boarding school for the Raramuri Indians, called the Tehuecado Santa Maria Guadalupe.  This boarding school for girls still continues in operation today. Donations are gladly appreciated to support the school.
Along with the school, Padre Andreas Lara took care in building the first road to Bahuichivo in the 50’s, making it possible to travel through since 1976.  Previously, horses and mules were the only means of transportation. At one time, when the silver mines were in full swing, mining was one of the largest employers, however, since 1963 when the last mine closed, many inhabitants now rely on ranching, farming, and tourism.  In 1995, the first long distance telephone service was installed. In 2001 electricity was introduced to Cerocahui. Even with the introduction of electricity, this town still processes much of its original culture and individual charm.
Bahuchivo Station and Cerocahui have become a major tourist attraction during the holy week for the astounding festivities and a visible display of the combination of its indigenous and Spanish customs. The Ultra Marathon had become popular here for the annual run.



El Fuerte, Sinoloa


El Fuerte is acknowledged in Mexico as a “Pueblo Magico” town for it’s historical, architectural, and cultural contributions. You will enjoy the quaint cobblestone streets, gardens, town center, and plentiful natural environments. The locals are very proud of their town and show it in their hospitality.

In 1563, El Fuerte was founded by the Spanish conquistador Francisco de Ibarra.  In 1610, a fort was built to ward off the Native Americans in this area that consisted largely of the Zuaque and Tehueco. Although the fort is no longer standing, currently a replica museum stands near the town center.  El Fuerte was a very important city because it served as a passage to the frontiers of the northern territories of Mexico, Arizona, and California.  For almost three centuries, El Fuerte was one of the most important commercial and agricultural hubs of the Mexican northwest regions.  In addition, the geological location made it a hot spot as a trading post for silver miners and pioneers. Gold from the Urique and Batopilas mines of the Sierra Madre Mountains was transported by river. Today, the town is a hub for agriculture, especially for blueberries. The dams near El Fuerte are a local favorite for bass fishing. Tourism blooms in this quaint town and charming town center.

Along the El Fuerte river, you can also see petroglyphs carved into stone, which represent an earlier period of the Nahuatl Indians. Serpents, sun gods, and shamans are some of the many symbolic carvings that still remain.  Once located on the highest point in town, an earthquake shook these artifacts to the places they are currently located. Many petroglyphs scattered along Mask Hill and the banks of the El Fuerte River. nearby is the Mayo village. You may choose to meet a family and watch the elders preform the “deer dance”, the story of life”, performed for Semana Santa holidays.

Ride the world's longest zip line at Posada Barrancas.#zipline, #divisadero, #coppercanyon, #adventure

Posted by Copper Canyon Mexico on Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Even in a military sense, El Fuerte is historically recognized.  In 1915, during the Mexican Revolution, it is said that here Pancho Villa was defeated by Venustiano Carranza.  Carranza was an important leader of the Mexican Revolution, who later became a Mexican president.